|Table of Contents|

Test on vibration noise of rail corrugation section on urban rail transit viaduct(PDF)


Research Field:
Publishing date:


Test on vibration noise of rail corrugation section on urban rail transit viaduct
SONG Li-zhong1 FENG Qing-song1 SUN Kun2 LIU Quan-min1 LUO Yun-ke3
(1. Engineering Research Center of Railway Environmental Vibration and Noise of Ministry of Education, East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, China; 2. China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co., Ltd.,Wuhan 430063, Hubei, China; 3. National Rail Transit Electrification and Automation Engineering Technology Research Center(Hong Kong Branch), The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 999077, China)
urban rail transit viaduct rail corrugation vibration and noise test
To explore the influences of vibration and noise of rail corrugation sections of urban rail transit viaducts on the environment along railway lines, field tests were carried out on the vibration and noise of a rail corrugation section on an urban rail transit viaduct induced by train passing at different speeds. Based on the field test results, the influences of train speed on the vibration and noise of urban rail transit viaduct were analyzed, and the spatial distribution characteristics of the noise of urban rail transit viaduct were studied. The formations of vibration and noise peaks of rail corrugation section were explained. Research results show that the peak sound pressures 7.5 m away from the central line of track and 1.2 m above the rail surface are about 0.6, 0.9, 1.3, 1.9, 2.3, and 3.3 Pa when the train passes through the rail corrugation section on the urban rail transit viaduct at speed of 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 110 km·h-1, respectively. The area above the rail surface is mainly affected by the wheel-rail noise, while the area below the beam is primarily affected by the bridge structure-borne noise. There is a strong linear correlation between the wheel-rail noise and the train speed, whereas the linear correlation between the bridge structure-borne noise and the train speed is slightly lower. When the train speed increases by 10 km·h-1, the wheel-rail noise and the bridge structure-borne noise increase by about 1.7 and 1.1 dB, respectively. The attenuation law of the noise of urban rail transit viaduct with the distance is consistent under different train speeds. The measured noise decreases by about 4.33 dB when the distance between the measuring point and the central line of track is doubled. The effect of rail corrugation on the wheel-rail noise of urban rail transit viaduct is significant. The rail corrugation wavelength determines the peak frequencies of rail vibration accelerations when the train passes over the bridge at different speeds, which in turn affects the peak frequencies of wheel-rail noise. The peak frequency of urban rail transit viaduct structure-borne noise is mainly related to the bridge vibration characteristics, and it has little relation to the train speed and the rail corrugation. 1 tab, 10 figs, 31 refs.


[1] MORITOH Y, ZENDA Y, NAGAKURA K. Noise control of high speed Shinkansen[J]. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 1996, 193(1): 319-334.
[2] 李洪强,吴小萍.城市轨道交通噪声及其控制研究[J].噪声与振动控制,2007(5):78-82.
LI Hong-qiang, WU Xiao-ping. Study on noise and control measures caused by urban rail transit[J]. Noise and Vibration Control, 2007(5): 78-82.(in Chinese)
[3] 蒋伟康,闫肖杰.城市轨道交通噪声的声源特性研究进展[J].环境污染与防治,2009,31(12):64-69.
JIANG Wei-kang, YAN Xiao-jie. Some investigation of noise from urban railway transit[J]. Environmental Pollution and Control, 2009, 31(12): 64-69.(in Chinese)
[4] 张 迅.轨道交通桥梁结构噪声预测与控制研究[D].成都:西南交通大学,2012.
ZHANG Xun. Study on the prediction and control of structure-borne noise of rail transit bridges[D]. Chengdu: Southwest Jiaotong University, 2012.(in Chinese)
[5] 贺建良,万 泉,蒋伟康.高架城市轨道交通的噪声特性分析[J].城市轨道交通研究,2007(8):57-60.
HE Jian-liang, WAN Quan, JIANG Wei-kang. Analysis of the elevated urban rail transit noise[J]. Urban Mass Transit, 2007(8): 57-60.(in Chinese)
[6] 高 飞,夏 禾,安 宁.北京地铁5号线高架结构的辐射噪声分析与实验研究[J].中国铁道科学,2010,31(5):134-139.
GAO Fei, XIA He, AN Ning. Analysis and experimental study on the radiation noise of the elevated structures of Beijing Metro Line 5[J]. China Railway Science, 2010, 31(5): 134-139.(in Chinese)
[7] 高 飞.城市轨道交通高架结构振动与噪声影响的研究[D].北京:北京交通大学,2011.
GAO Fei. Study on vibration and noise influence of elevated structures in urban rail transit[D]. Beijing: Beijing Jiaotong University, 2011.(in Chinese)
[8] 韩江龙.城市轨道交通桥梁结构噪声特性及降噪技术研究[D].上海:同济大学,2012.
HAN Jiang-long. Study on structure-borne noise characteristics and noise-reduction technology of urban rail transit bridges[D]. Shanghai: Tongji University, 2012.(in Chinese)
[9] LI Xiao-zhen, ZHANG Xun, ZHANG Zhi-jun, et al. Experimental research on noise emanating from concrete box-girder bridges on intercity railway lines[J]. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 2015, 229(2): 125-135.
[10] SONG Xiao-dong, LI Qi. Numerical and experimental study on noise reduction of concrete LRT bridges[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 643: 208-224.
[11] SATO Y, MATSUMOTO A, KNOTHE K. Review on rail corrugation studies[J]. Wear, 2002, 253(1/2): 130-139.
[12] 谷爱军,刘维宁.国外城市轨道交通钢轨波浪形磨耗病害研究及治理[J].城市轨道交通研究,2011,14(12):51-55.
GU Ai-jun, LIU Wei-ning. Study and control of rail corrugation defects of urban rail transit in foreign cities[J]. Urban Mass Transit, 2011, 14(12): 51-55.(in Chinese)
[13] 关庆华,张 斌,熊嘉阳,等.地铁钢轨波磨的基本特征、形成机理和治理措施综述[J].交通运输工程学报,2021,21(1):316-337.
GUAN Qing-hua, ZHANG Bin, XIONG Jia-yang, et al. Review on basic characteristics, formation mechanisms, and treatment measures of rail corrugation in metro systems[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2021, 21(1): 316-337.(in Chinese)
[14] GRASSIE S L, KALOUSEK J. Rail corrugation: characteristics, causes and treatments[J]. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 1993, 207(1): 57-68.
[15] GRASSIE S L. Rail corrugation: advances in measurement, understanding and treatment[J]. Wear, 2005, 258(7/8): 1224-1234.
[16] GRASSIE S L. Rail corrugation: characteristics, causes, and treatments[J]. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 2009, 223(6): 581-596.
[17] 金学松,李 霞,李 伟,等.铁路钢轨波浪形磨损研究进展[J].西南交通大学学报,2016,51(2):264-273.
JIN Xue-song, LI Xia, LI Wei, et al. Review of rail corrugation progress[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2016, 51(2): 264-273.(in Chinese)
[18] 李 霞.地铁钢轨波磨形成机理研究[D].成都:西南交通大学,2012.
LI Xia. Study on the mechanism of rail corrugation on subway track[D]. Chengdu: Southwest Jiaotong University, 2012.(in Chinese)
[19] 李 霞,李 伟,温泽峰,等.普通短轨枕轨道结构钢轨波磨初步研究[J].机械工程学报,2013,49(2):109-115.
LI Xia, LI Wei, WEN Ze-feng, et al. Preliminary study on the rail corrugation of the fixed-dual short sleeper track[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2013, 49(2): 109-115.(in Chinese)
[20] 李 霞,李 伟,吴 磊,等.套靴轨枕轨道钢轨波磨初步研究[J].铁道学报,2014,36(11):80-85.
LI Xia, LI Wei, WU Lei, et al. Preliminary study on the rail corrugation of rubber booted short sleeper track[J]. Journal of the China Railway Society, 2014, 36(11): 80-85.(in Chinese)
[21] 李 霞,李 伟,申莹莹,等.基于轨道振动理论的梯形轨枕轨道钢轨波磨研究[J].机械工程学报,2016,52(22):121-128.
LI Xia, LI Wei, SHEN Ying-ying, et al. Study on the rail corrugation of the ladder-type sleepers track based on the track vibration theory[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2016, 52(22): 121-128.(in Chinese)
[22] 李 伟,曾全君,朱士友,等.地铁钢轨波磨对车辆和轨道动态行为的影响[J].交通运输工程学报,2015,15(1):34-42.
LI Wei, ZENG Quan-jun, ZHU Shi-you, et al. Effect of metro rail corrugation on dynamic behaviors of vehicle and track[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2015, 15(1): 34-42.(in Chinese)
[23] 李 伟.地铁钢轨波磨成因及其对车辆/轨道行为的影响[D].成都:西南交通大学,2015.
LI Wei. Study on root cause of metro rail corrugation and its influence on behavior of vehicle-track system[D]. Chengdu: Southwest Jiaotong University, 2015.(in Chinese)
[24] 刘维宁,任 静,刘卫丰,等.北京地铁钢轨波磨测试分析[J].都市快轨交通,2011,24(3):6-9.
LIU Wei-ning, REN Jing, LIU Wei-feng, et al. In-situ tests and analysis on rail corrugation of Beijing Metro[J]. Urban Rapid Rail Transit, 2011, 24(3): 6-9.(in Chinese)
[25] 张厚贵,刘维宁,吴宗臻,等.地铁剪切型减振扣件地段钢轨波磨成因与治理措施[J].中国铁道科学,2014,35(4):22-28.
ZHANG Hou-gui, LIU Wei-ning, WU Zong-zhen, et al. Case and treatment for rail corrugation developed on egg fastening system section of metro line[J]. China Railway Science, 2014, 35(4): 22-28.(in Chinese)
[26] 张厚贵.北京地铁钢轨波磨的机理及整治方案研究[D].北京:北京交通大学,2015.
ZHANG Hou-gui. Mechanisms and treatment solutions for rail corrugation on Beijing Metro[D]. Beijing: Beijing Jiaotong University, 2015.(in Chinese)
[27] 郭建强,朱雷威,刘晓龙,等.地铁司机室噪声与钢轨波磨关系的试验与仿真研究[J].机械工程学报,2019,55(16):141-147.
GUO Jian-qiang, ZHU Lei-wei, LIU Xiao-long, et al. Experimental and simulation study on the relationship between interior noise of metro cab and rail corrugation[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2019, 55(16): 141-147.(in Chinese)
[28] 冯陈程,刘晓龙,李 伟,等.短波长钢轨波磨对地铁车辆车内噪声的影响[J].噪声与振动控制,2018,38(6):113-117.
FENG Chen-cheng, LIU Xiao-long, LI Wei, et al. Influence of short pitch rail corrugation on interior noise of metro vehicles[J]. Noise and Vibration Control, 2018, 38(6): 113-117.(in Chinese)
[29] 陈 卓.钢轨波磨对地铁车内噪声影响及其控制试验研究[J].铁道标准设计,2019,63(8):169-176.
CHEN Zhuo. Experimental study on influence and control of rail corrugation on interior noise of metro cars[J]. Railway Standard Design, 2019, 63(8): 169-176.(in Chinese)
[30] SONG Li-zhong, LI Xiao-zhen, HAO Hong, et al. Medium- and high-frequency vibration characteristics of a box-girder by the waveguide finite element method[J]. International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 2018, 18(11): 1850141.
[31] 宋立忠.基于波导有限元法的轨道-箱梁系统振动声辐射机理研究[D].成都:西南交通大学,2019.
SONG Li-zhong. Research on vibro-acoustic mechanisms of track and box-girder bridge systems based on waveguide finite element method[D]. Chengdu: Southwest Jiaotong University, 2019.(in Chinese)


Last Update: 2021-07-20