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Rise and future development of Chinese high-speed railway(PDF)


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Rise and future development of Chinese high-speed railway
XIONG Jia-yang1 SHEN Zhi-yun2
(1. School of Mechanical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, Sichuan, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, Sichuan, China)
rail transit wheel/rail high-speed railway major breakthrough technology revolution digitalization superconducting maglev future development
The high-speed railway of China is an important part of the development of the world high-speed railway. The development and rise of Chinese high-speed railway were reviewed from the historical perspective(the inevitability of human society development)and the global perspective(the continuation of the world high-speed railway development). The timeline of the world high-speed railway development was analyzed from a macro point of view and the encouragement of the four worldwide industrial revolutions to the major advances of transportation technology was expounded. It is pointed out that the development of the high-speed railway goes through four stages: ferment, exploration, mature and development. The United States first suggested building high-speed railway, but it is still in the ferment stage. The high-speed railways of Japan, France and Germany are in the exploration stage. Only the Chinese high-speed railway has entered a rapid development stage. Based on the great achievements of Chinese high-speed railway, this paper expounded the path of introduction, digestion, absorption, innovation, and independent innovation in the process of Chinese high-speed railway development. The significant achievements have been made, on one hand, on the policy level, mainly due to Chinese efforts of taking the high-speed railway exploration experience of other countries and Chinese governmental ability of concentrating resources to accomplish large projects, integrating the advantages of enterprises, universities, and research institutes, and creating a national rail transit technology innovation system. On the other hand, from a technical perspective, the main reason of Chinese great achievements in high-speed railway lies in three important breakthroughs, which are technical breakthrough, theoretical breakthrough, and experimental breakthrough. The technical challenges faced by the development of high-speed railway and the research progress of key technologies of high-speed railway were discussed. The directions of the development of wheel-rail based high-speed transit and high-speed maglev in the post high-speed railway era were prospected, and the future development concepts of digital, intelligent, and smart high-speed railways were proposed so as to provide a reference for the future development of Chinese high-speed railway and to help to realize the great dream of building a great nation with modern transportation. 2 tabs, 25 figs, 40 refs.


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Last Update: 2021-10-30